EMPLOYMENT CONDITION, THE EFFECTS OF HUSBAND’S OCCUPATION, AND EDUCATION ON PARTICIPATION OF MARRIED WOMEN IN THE INDONESIAN LABOR MARKET

  • Muhammad Rizqon Agusta Agusta BPS
  • Diny Ghuzini Universitas Gadjah Mada
Keywords: female labor participation, husband’s occupation, husband’s education, married women, informal worker

Abstract

A previous study has shown that households with both the head and the spouse joining the labor force tend to exit from poverty. In Indonesia, women that actively participated in labor market were relatively small, only around 50% in 2017. Meanwhile, most of the women in Indonesia were married in 2017. A husband was one of the factors affecting their wife’s decision to participate in labor market. This study investigates married women’s employment conditions and the effects of husband’s occupation and education on their labor market participation. The research sample consists of women aged 15-year-old and above, married, and living with their husband. We found that the higher the husband’s education, the lower married women’s probability of participating in the labor market. Husbands with an informal occupation increased married women’s probability to be in the labor force.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Addabbo, T. (2000). Poverty Dynamics: Analysis of Household Incomes in Italy. Labour, 14(1), 119–144. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9914.00127

Anderson, J. B., & Dimon, D. (1998). Married Women’s Labor Force Participation in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Mexico. Estudios Económicos, 13(1), 3–34.

Becker, G. S. (1965). A Theory of the Allocation of Time. The Economic Journal, 493–517.

Bertulfo, L. (2011). Women and Informal Economy. Office of Development Effectiveness, AusAID. https://dfat.gov.au/aid/how-we-measure-performance/ode/Documents/women-informal-economy-lota-bertulfo.pdf

Bibi, A., & Afzal, A. (2012). Determinants of Married Women Labor Force Participation in Wah Cantt: A Descriptive Analysis. Academic Research International, 2(1), 599–622.

Borjas, G. J. (2013). Labor Economics (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill.

BPS. (2017). Pedoman Pencacah Sakernas 2017. Badan Pusat Statistik.

Bredtmann, J., Otten, S., & Rulff, C. (2018). Husband’s Unemployment and Wife’s Labor Supply: The Added Worker Effect Across Europe. ILR Review, 71(5), 1201–1231.

Del Boca, D., Locatelli, M., & Pasqua, S. (2000). Employment Decisions of Married Women: Evidence and Explanations. Labour, 14(1), 35–52.

Duncan, K. C., Prus, M. J., & Sandy, J. G. (1993). Marital Status, Children and Women’s Labor Market Choices. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 22(3), 277–288.

Durand, J. D. (1946). Married Women in the Labor Force. American Journal of Sociology, 52(3), 217–223.

Eckstein, Z., & Lifshitz, O. (2015). Household Interaction and the Labor Supply of Married Women. International Economic Review, 56(2), 427–455.

Ehrenberg, R. G., & Smith, R. S. (2012). Modern Labor Economics: Theory and Public Policy. Pearson.

Engle, D. C. (1985). Factors Constraining Labor Force Participation of Rural Oklahoma Women. Oklahoma State University.

Frey, B. S., & Schneider, F. (2000). Informal and Underground Economy. Economic Working Paper, 2000–4.

Gujarati, D. N., & Porter, D. (2009). Basic Econometrics. Mc Graw-Hill International Edition.

Hafeez, A., & Ahmad, E. (2002). Factors Determining the Labour Force Participation Decision of Educated Married Women in a District of Punjab. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, XL(1), 75–88.

Hart, K. (1973). Informal Income Opportunities and Urban Employment in Ghana. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 11(1), 61–89.

Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
AgustaMuhammad Rizqon Agusta, and Diny Ghuzini. 2020. “EMPLOYMENT CONDITION, THE EFFECTS OF HUSBAND’S OCCUPATION, AND EDUCATION ON PARTICIPATION OF MARRIED WOMEN IN THE INDONESIAN LABOR MARKET”. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan 28 (2). https://doi.org/10.14203/JEP.28.2.2020.%p.
Section
Article