MODEL SOSIAL-EKONOMI DAN KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA DI INDONESIA

  • Laksmi Yustika Devi Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • Yuni Andari
  • Latri Wihastuti
  • Kun Haribowo
Keywords: ketahanan pangan, rumah tangga, IFLS, faktor sosial-ekonomi

Abstract

Ketahanan pangan adalah salah satu prioritas pembangunan dalam Rencana Kerja Pemerintah (RKP). Perumusan kebijakan tentang implementasi ketahanan pangan harus mampu memberikan output yang dapat mengarah pada stabilisasi ketersediaan pangan berdasarkan swasembada, serta meningkatkan kemudahan akses dan kemampuan mengakses pangan. Penelitian ini bermaksud untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor sosial ekonomi yang mempengaruhi ketahanan pangan di Indonesia. Data yang digunakan adalah data tingkat rumah tangga dari Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) kelima dengan jumlah rumah tangga yang diperkirakan sebanyak 9819 rumah tangga. Penelitian ini menggunakan regresi logistik sebagai metode estimasi, dengan variabel dependen yaitu ketahanan pangan yang dihitung berdasarkan food consumption score (FCS). Sementara, variabel independen yang digunakan adalah: (1) profil kepala rumah tangga yang meliputi usia, jenis kelamin, status perkawinan, tingkat pendidikan; (2) faktor kualitatif yang meliputi jenis pekerjaan kepala rumah tangga, bahan bakar utama untuk memasak, ketersediaan toilet, listrik, dan sumber air di dalam rumah; dan (3) lokasi rumah tangga (perkotaan atau perdesaan). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi ketahanan pangan rumah tangga adalah aspek sanitasi (keberadaan toilet dan sumber air di dalam rumah), penggunaan bahan bakar utama untuk memasak, lokasi rumah tangga, serta usia, status, tingkat pendidikan dan jenis mata pencaharian kepala rumah tangga.

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Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Yustika DeviLaksmi, Yuni Andari, Latri Wihastuti, and Kun Haribowo. 2020. “MODEL SOSIAL-EKONOMI DAN KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA DI INDONESIA”. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan 28 (2). https://doi.org/10.14203/JEP.28.2.2020.%p.
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